Publications on Asian Elephants 2021

Y. An, S. Liu, Y. Sun, F. Shi & R. Beazley
Construction and optimization of an ecological network based on morphological spatial pattern analysis and circuit theory
Landscape Ecology 36 (2021) 2059-2076 Abstract/Download

T. Angkawanish, H.J.C.M. Vernooij, A. Sirimalaisuwan, M. Nielen, P. Charernpan & V.P.M.G. Rutten
Prevalence and demographic risk factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) based on serological assays
Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8 (2021) e713663 Abstract/Download

J.M.P.N. Anuradha, M. Fujimura, T. Inaoka & N. Sakai
Role of social and human capital in household resilience: Empirical evidence from an agricultural village community with exposure to significant environmental stresses in Sri Lanka
Global Social Welfare 8 (2021) 81-92 Abstract/Download

Ardiantiono, Sugiyo, P.J. Johnson, M.I. Lubis, F. Amama, Sukatmoko, W. Marthy & A. Zimmermann
Towards coexistence: Can people's attitudes explain their willingness to live with Sumatran elephants in Indonesia?
Conservation Science and Practice 3 (2021) e520 Abstract/Download

T.K. Athira & T.N.C. Vidya
Elephant social systems: What do we know and how have molecular tools helped?
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science 101 (2021) 257-278 Abstract/Download

R. Badola, T. Ahmed, A.K. Gill, P. Dobriyal, G.C. Das, S. Badola & S.A. Hussain
An incentive-based mitigation strategy to encourage coexistence of large mammals and humans along the foothills of Indian Western Himalayas
Scientific Reports 11 (2021) e5235 Abstract/Download

J.B. Baishya, N.R. Talukdar & P. Choudhury
Status and distribution of Asian elephants in the Nagaon Forest Division, Assam, India
Gajah 53 (2021) 39-42 Abstract/Download

L.P. Barrett & S. Benson-Amram
Multiple assessments of personality and problem-solving performance in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana)
Journal of Comparative Psychology 135 (2021) 406-419 Abstract/Download

U. Bechert, S. Hixon & D. Schmitt
Diurnal variation in serum concentrations of cortisol in captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants
Zoo Biology 40 (2021) 458-471 Abstract/Download

V.C. Beeck, G. Heilmann, M. Kerscher & A.S. Stoeger
A novel theory of Asian elephant high-frequency squeak production
BMC Biology 19 (2021) e121 Abstract/Download

C.E. Bentley, J.M. Cracknell, A.C. Kitchener, Y. Martinez Pereira & R. Pizzi
Improved diagnosis of foot osteoarthritis in elephants (Elephas maximus, Loxodanta africana) using stereoradiography
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52 (2021) 67-74 Abstract/Download

V. Berger, S. Reichert, M. Lahdenperä, J. Jackson, W. Htut & V. Lummaa
The elephant in the family: Costs and benefits of elder siblings on younger offspring life-history trajectory in a matrilineal mammal
Journal of Animal Ecology 90 (2021) 2663-2677 Abstract/Download

C. Boehlke, S. Schuster, L. Kauthe, O. Zierau & C. Hannig
Nutritional influences on enzyme activities in saliva of Asian and African elephants
Journal of Comparative Physiology B 191 (2021) 955-970 Abstract/Download

N. Bora, S. Ali, K. Sarma, P. Roychoudhury, C.G. Eregowda, H. Prasad, J.B. Rajesh, G.J. Mohanaro, S.K. Behera, D. Das & B. Choudhury
Toxocara elephantis infection in a juvenile Asian elephant and its management
Gajah 54 (2021) 40-44 Abstract/Download

A. Brady, B.J. McMahon & F. Naulty
Estimates of locomotion in Asian elephants Elephas maximus using video monitoring at Dublin Zoo, Ireland
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 9 (2021) 124-133 Abstract/Download

K. Budd, C. Sampson, P. Leimgruber, D. Tonkyn, K. Storey, M. Garrett & L.S. Eggert
Population structure and demography of Myanmar’s conflict elephants
Global Ecology and Conservation 31 (2021) e01828 Abstract/Download

J. Caballero-Gómez, I. García-Bocanegra, N. Navarro, R. Guerra, E. Martínez-Nevado, P. Soriano & D. Cano-Terrizaa
Zoo animals as sentinels for Schmallenberg virus monitoring in Spain
Veterinary Microbiology 252 (2021) e108927 Abstract/Download

A. Campos-Arceiz, J.A. de la Torre, K. Wei, X.O. Wu, Y. Zhu, M. Zhao, S. Chen, Y. Bai, R.T. Corlett & F. Chen
The return of the elephants: How two groups of dispersing elephants attracted the attention of billions and what can we learn from their behavior
Conservation Letters 14 (2021) e12836 Abstract/Download

K.L. Carrothers, L.E. Goodmiller, M.J. McLellan & A.M. Spicer
A novel approach to combatting proboscidean ivory trafficking using a multiplex High-Resolution Melt (M-HRM) assay
Forensic Science International: Genetics 53 (2021) e102511 Abstract/Download

A. Chaitae, R. Rittiron, I.J. Gordon, H. Marsh, J. Addison, S. Pochanagone & N. Suttanon
Shining NIR light on ivory: A practical enforcement tool for elephant ivory identification
Conservation Science and Practice 3 (2021) e486 Abstract/Download

S. Chen, G.-Z. Sun, Y. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Deng, D.-F. Cao, M.-X. Zhang, S. Ong, H.-P. Yang, Q.-Y. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, B. Wang, X. Zheng, Y. Lei, C. Li, J. Sun, M.-W. Bao, Z.-C. Yang, L. Guan, Y.-K. Sun, F.-Y. Zhou, J.-X. Liu, L.-L. Li, F. Wang, R.T. Corlett, R.-C. Quan, M.-Y. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Shi & A. Campos-Arceiz
A multistakeholder exercise to identify research and conservation priorities for Asian elephants in China
Global Ecology and Conservation 27 (2021) e01561 Abstract/Download

D.E. Chusyd, T.R. Nagy, L. Golzarri-Arroyo, S.L. Dickinson, J.R. Speakman, C. Hambly, M.S. Johnson, D.B. Allison & J.L. Brown
Adiposity, reproductive and metabolic health, and activity levels in zoo Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Journal of Experimental Biology 224 (2021) jeb219543 Abstract/Download

G.R. Clements, S. Rostro-Garciá, J.F. Kamler, S.H. Liang & A.K.B.A. Hashim
Conservation status of large mammals in protected and logged forests of the greater Taman Negara Landscape, Peninsular Malaysia
Biodiversitas 22 (2021) 272-277 Abstract/Download

S.M. Common, Y. Yun, A. Silva-Fletcher, C. Thitaram, T. Janyamethakul, S. Khammesri & F.M. Molenaar
Developing a non-invasive method of detecting elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infections using faecal samples
Vet Record 190 (2021) e833 Abstract/Download

C. Cox & A. Collins
Selective liability, regulated digital commerce, and the subversion of product trading bans: The case of elephant ivory
Human Dimensions of Wildlife 26 (2021) 245-261 Abstract/Download

J.A.H. Crawley, O. Lierhmann, D.J. Franco dos Santos, J. Brown, U.K. Nyein, H.H. Aung, W. Htut, Z.M. Oo, M.W. Seltmann, J.L. Webb, M. Lahdenperä & V. Lummaa
Influence of handler relationships and experience on health parameters, glucocorticoid responses and behaviour of semi-captive Asian elephants
Conservation Physiology 9 (2021) coaa116 Abstract/Download

P. Dagenais, S. Hensman, V. Haechler & M.C. Milinkovitch
Elephants evolved strategies reducing the biomechanical complexity of their trunk
Current Biology 31 (2021) 4727-4737 Abstract/Download

Yunchuan Dai
The overlap of suitable tea plant habitat with Asian elephant (Elephus maximus) distribution in southwestern China and its potential impact on species conservation and local economy
Environmental Science and Pollution Research 29 (2022) 5960-5970 Abstract/Download

N.X. Dang, T.X. Cuong, V.C.A. Tuan, N.X. Nghia & N.T. Dat
Human-elephant conflict around Pu Mat National Park, Vietnam
Gajah 54 (2021) 4-10 Abstract/Download

R. De, R. Sharma, P. Davidar, N. Arumugam, A. Sedhupathy, J.-P. Puyravaud, K. M.Selvan, P.P.A. Rahim, S. Udayraj, J. Parida, D.K. Digal, R. Kanagaraj, K. Kakati, P. Nigam, A.C. Williams, B. Habib & S.P. Goyal
Pan-India population genetics signifies the importance of habitat connectivity for wild Asian elephant conservation
Global Ecology and Conservation 32 (2021) e01888 Abstract/Download

M.P. Deepthi, P. Kathireswari. J. Rini, K. Saminathan & N. Karmegam
Vermitransformation of monogastric Elephas maximus and ruminant Bos taurus excrements into vermicompost using Eudrilus eugeniae
Bioresource Technology 320 (2021) e124302 Abstract/Download

R. Drinkwater, T. Jucker, J.H.T. Potter, T. Swinfield, D.A. Coomes, E.M. Slade, M.T.P. Gilbert, O.T. Lewis, H. Bernard, M.J. Struebig, E.L. Clare & S.J. Rossiter
Leech blood‐meal invertebrate‐derived DNA reveals differences in Bornean mammal diversity across habitats
Molecular Ecology 30 (2021) 3299-3312 Abstract/Download

J.-M. Dubost, P. Kongchack, E. Deharo, P. Sysay, C. Her, L. Vichith, D. Sébastien & S. Krief
Zootherapeutic uses of animals excreta: The case of elephant dung and urine use in Sayaboury province, Laos
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 17 (2021) e262 Abstract/Download

K.L. Edwards, E.M. Latimer, J. Siegal-Willott, W. Kiso, L.R. Padilla, C.R. Sanchez, D. Schmitt & J.L. Brown
Patterns of serum immune biomarkers during elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus viremia in Asian and African elephants
PLoS ONE 16 (2021) e0252175 Abstract/Download

P. Fernando, M.K.C.R. De Silva, L.K.A. Jayasinghe, H.K. Janaka & J. Pastorini
First country-wide survey of the Endangered Asian elephant: Towards better conservation and management in Sri Lanka
Oryx 55 (2021) 46-55 Abstract/Download

P. Fernando & J. Pastorini
Whither the science in wildlife management? (Commentary)
Animal Conservation 24 (2021) 735-737

A. Feuerbacher, C. Lippert, J. Kuenzang & K. Subedi
Low-cost electric fencing for peaceful coexistence: An analysis of human-wildlife conflict mitigation strategies in smallholder agriculture
Biological Conservation 255 (2021) e108919 Abstract/Download

Adam Fish
Crash theory: Entrapments of conservation drones and endangered megafauna
Science, Technology & Human Values 46 (2021) 425-451 Abstract/Download

E. Fuchs, V.C. Beeck, A. Baotic & A.S. Stoeger
Acoustic structure and information content of trumpets in female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
PLoS ONE 16 (2021) e0260284 Abstract/Download

S. Fuktong, P. Yuttasaen, V. Punyapornwithaya, J.L. Brown, C. Thitaram, N. Luevitoonvechakij & P. Bansiddhi
A survey of stereotypic behaviors in tourist camp elephants in Chiang Mai, Thailand
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 243 (2021) e105456 Abstract/Download

V.R. Goswami, D. Vasudev, B. Joshi, P. Hait & P. Sharma
Coupled effects of climatic forcing and the human footprint on wildlife movement and space use in a dynamic floodplain landscape
Science of the Total Environment 758 (2021) e144000 Abstract/Download

S.K. Govind & E.A. Jayson
Human–wildlife interactions and people’s attitudes towards conservation: A case study from Central Kerala, India
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 44 (2021) 139-151 Abstract/Download

Alexander M. Greene
Speaking with an upside-down tongue: Reflections on human-elephant multispecies culture in northern Thailand
Gajah 53 (2021) 4-19 Abstract/Download

E.M. Gross, B.P. Lahkar, N. Subedi, V.R. Nyirenda, E. Klebelsberg & O. Jakoby
Elephants in the village: Causes and consequences of property damage in Asia and Africa
Conservation Science and Practice 3 (2021) e343 Abstract/Download

T. Guntawang, T. Sittisak, V. Kochagul, S. Srivorakul, K. Photichai, K. Boonsri, T. Janyamethakul, K. Boonprasert, W. Langkaphin, C. Thitaram & K. Pringproa
Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic disease caused by elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Scientific Reports 11 (2021) e12998 Abstract/Download

L.J. Hale, K. Shi, T.C. Gilbert, K.S.-H. Peh & P. Riordan
Social structure and demography of a remnant Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) population and the implications for survival
Oryx 55 (2021) 473-478 Abstract/Download

N.N.P. Htet, R. Chaiyarat, N. Thongthip, P. Anuracpreeda, N. Youngpoy & P. Chompoopong
Population and distribution of wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand
PeerJ 9 (2021) e11896 Abstract/Download

O. Hyvarinen, M.T. Beest, E. le Roux, G. Kerley, E. de Groot, R. Vinita & J.P.G.M. Cromsigt
Megaherbivore impacts on ecosystem and earth system functioning: The current state of the science
Ecography 11 (2021) 1579-1594 Abstract/Download

C.C.P. Imm, K.P. Hue & R. Nathan
Can the oil palm industry and elephant conservation be reconciled? A case study in Kalabakan, Sabah
Gajah 53 (2021) 30-38 Abstract/Download

S.L. Jacobson, A. Puitiza, R.J. Snyder, A. Sheppard & J.M. Plotnik
Persistence is key: Investigating innovative problem solving by Asian elephants using a novel multi-access box
Animal Cognition (2021) Abstract/Download

T. Jansson, B.V. Perera, A. Edner & Å. Fahlman
Standing sedation with xylazine and reversal with yohimbine in juvenile Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52 (2021) 437-444 Abstract/Download

H.-L. Jim, F. Range, S. Marshall-Pescini, R. Dale & J.M. Plotnik
Investigating indirect and direct reputation formation in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Frontiers in Psychology 11 (2021) e604372 Abstract/Download

R. Joshi & K. Puri
Asian elephant in Appendix I of the Convention on Migratory Species: Strengthening the ecological connectivity for trans-boundary conservation
National Academy Science Letters 44 (2021) 427-431 Abstract/Download

M.D.S.I. Karunatilaka, S. Pilapitiya & M.R. Wijesinghe
The world-renowned annual elephant gathering in Minneriya, Sri Lanka – Will it endure?
Gajah 54 (2021) 16-23 Abstract/Download

M.M. Keady, N. Prado, H.C. Lim, J. Brown, S. Paris & C.R. Muletz-Wolz
Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants
Animal Microbiome 3 (2021) e85 Abstract/Download

P. Keerthipriya, S. Nandini & T.N.C. Vidya
Effects of male age and female presence on male associations in a large, polygynous mammal in southern India: The Asian elephant
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9 (2021) e616666 Abstract/Download

S. Khammesri, Y. Mathura, K. Boonprasert, C. Ampasavate, D. Hongwiset, J.L. Brown & C. Thitaram
Successful treatment of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infection in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) calf by oral acyclovir medication: Case report
Journal of Veterinary Medical 83 (2021) 125-129 Abstract/Download

R.K. Koirala, W. JI, Y.P. Timilsina & D. Raubenheimer
Patterns, perceptions, and spatial distribution of human-elephant (Elephas maximus) incidents in Nepal
Journal of Threatened Taxa 13 (2021) 18441-18452 Abstract/Download

Intanon Kolasartsanee
Diversity and habitat use of terrestrial mammals in the area proposed for water resource development in Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand
Environment and Natural Resources Journal 19 (2021) 186-194 Abstract/Download

S. Kongsawasdi, K. Wantanajittikul, W. Langkaphin, B. Chuatrakoon, K. Namwongprom, P. Prupetkaew & T. Angkawanish
Optimal management to improve quality of life for an injured baby elephant: Thailand multidisciplinary care team
Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 27 (2021) 655-659 Abstract/Download

C.A. LaDue, I. Eranda, C. Jayasinghe & R.P.G. Vandercone
Mortality patterns of Asian elephants in a region of human–elephant conflict
Journal of Wildlife Management 85 (2021) 794-802 Abstract/Download

C.A. LaDue & B.A. Schulte
Pheromonal enrichment in the zoo: An empirical approach with Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 235 (2021) e105228 Abstract/Download

C.A. LaDue, R.P.G. Vandercone, W.K. Kiso & E.W. Freeman
Scars of human-elephant conflict: Patterns inferred from field observations of Asian elephants in Sri Lanka
Wildlife Research 48 (2021) 540-553 Abstract/Download

J.A. Landolfi, P.M. Gaffney, R. McManamon, N.L. Gottdenker, A. E. Ellis, R.R. Rech, S. Han, L.J. Lowenstine, D. Agnew, M.M. Garner, D. McAloose, C. Hollinger, J. St. Leger, S.P. Terrell, M. Duncan & A.P. Pessier
Reproductive tract neoplasia in adult female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Veterinary Pathology 58 (2021) 1131-1141 Abstract/Download

M.-H. Lee, S.K.S.S. Nathan, L. Benedict, P. Nagalingam, E. Latimer, T. Hughes, D. Ramirez & J.R.A. Sukor
The first reported cases of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infectious haemorrhagic disease in Malaysia: Case report
Virology Journal 18 (2021) e231 Abstract/Download

Y.M. Lekko, A. Che-Amati, P.T. Ooi, S. Omar, D.T. Mohd-Hamdan, L.S. Linazah, Z. Zakaria, S.Z. Ramanoon, M. Mazlan, F.F.A. Jesse, M.F.A. Abdul-Razak, S. Jasni & N. Abdul-Hamid
Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex antibodies in free-ranged wild boar and wild macaques in selected districts in Selangor and reevaluation of tuberculosis serodetection in captive Asian elephants in Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 83 (2021) 1702-1707 Abstract/Download

J. Leung, T. Beths, M. Lynch, S. Frith & S.H. Bauquier
A simple method to provide positive end expiratory pressure to treat hypoxaemia in an anaesthetised Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 92 (2021) e2118 Abstract/Download

L.-L. Li, J.M. Plotnik, S.-W. Xia, E. Meaux, & R.-C. Quan
Cooperating elephants mitigate competition until the stakes get too high
PLoS Biology 19 (2021) e3001391 Abstract/Download

O. Liehrmann, J.A.H. Crawley, M.W. Seltmann, S. Feillet, U.K. Nyein, H.H. Aung, W. Htut, M. Lahdenperä, L. Lansade & V. Lummaa
Handler familiarity helps to improve working performance during novel situations in semi-captive Asian elephants
Scientific Reports 11 (2021) e15480 Abstract/Download

D.J. Liyanage, P. Fernando, P.N. Dayawansa, H.K. Janaka & J. Pastorini
The elephant at the dump: How does garbage consumption impact Asian elephants?
Mammalian Biology 101 (2021) 1089-1097 Abstract/Download

T. Mahmood, T.T. Vu, A. Campos-Arceiz, F. Akrim, S. Andleeb, M. Farooq, A. Hamid, N. Munawar, M. Waseem, A. Hussain, H. Fatima, M.R. Khan & S. Mahmood
Historical and current distribution ranges and loss of mega-herbivores and carnivores of Asia
PeerJ 9 (2021) e10738 Abstract/Download

M. Mandal & N.D. Chatterjee
Geospatial approach-based delineation of elephant habitat suitability zones and its consequence in Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve, India
Environment, Development and Sustainability 23 (2021) 17788-17809 Abstract/Download

M. Mandal & N.D. Chatterjee
Human-elephant conflict in Joypur forest influence areas, West Bengal, India
Gajah 54 (2021) 34-36 Abstract/Download

G. Maurer, O. Gimenez, B. Mulot & N. Lescureux
Under pressure: How human-wild-captive elephant social-ecological system in Laos is teetering due to global forces and sociocultural changes
People and Nature 3 (2021) 1047-1063 Abstract/Download

N. Mohanty & M.R. Mahananda
The Tal-Kholgarh elephant corridor in Odisha, India
Gajah 54 (2021) 37-39 Abstract/Download

F.M. Molenaar & P. Silvestre
Clinical approach to colic and collapse in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) with Salmonella saintpaul septicaemia and subsequent ileus
Vet Record Case Reports 10 (2022) e214 Abstract/Download

M.A.M. Moustafa, H.M. Chel, M.J. Thu, S. Bawm, L.L. Htun, M.M. Win, Z.M. Oo, N. Ohsawa, M. Lahdenperä, W.M.A. Mohamed, K. Ito, N. Nonaka, R. Nakao & K. Katakura
Anthropogenic interferences lead to gut microbiome dysbiosis in Asian elephants and may alter adaptation processes to surrounding environments
Scientific Report 11 (2021) e741 Abstract/Download

Y.S.S. Muir, B. Bryant, M. Campbell-Ward & D.P. Higgins
Retrospective anti-tetanus antibody responses of zoo-based Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and rhinoceros (Rhinocerotidae)
Developmental & Comparative Immunology 114 (2021) e103841 Abstract/Download

R.P. Nair & E.A. Jayson
Estimation of economic loss and identifying the factors affecting the crop raiding behaviour of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) in Nilambur part of the southern Western Ghats, Kerala, India
Current Science 121 (2021) 521-528 Abstract/Download

L. Natarajan, A. Kumar, Q. Qureshi, A.A. Desai & B. Pandav
Evaluation of wall-barriers to manage human conflict with Asian elephants in India
Wildlife Society Bulletin 45 (2021) 215-220 Abstract/Download

L. Ni’am, S. Koot & J. Jongerden
Selling captive nature: Lively commodification, elephant encounters, and the production of value in Sumatran ecotourism, Indonesia
Geoforum 127 (2021) 162-170 Abstract/Download

L. Ong, A. Campos-Arceiz, V.P.W. Loke, P. bin Pura, C. Muhamad T. bin Tunil, H.S. A/L Din, R. bin Angah, N.A. binti Amirrudin, W.H. Tan, O. Lily, A. Solana-Mena & K.R. McConkey
Building ecological networks with local ecological knowledge in hyper-diverse and logistically challenging ecosystems
Methods in Ecology and Evolution 12 (2021) 2042-2053 Abstract/Download

C. Pabutta, N. Bangkaew, P. Inthawong, P. Mahadthai, W. Jairak, N. Soda, M. Sukmak & S. Sripiboon (2021)
The first report on internal transcribed spacer region-based characterization of microfilaria in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand
Veterinary World 14 (2021) 2260-2266 Abstract/Download

N.C. Palei, B.P. Rath & D.R. Behera
Mortality patterns of Asian elephants in Odisha, eastern India
Gajah 54 (2021) 11-15 Abstract/Download

M.R. Palombo, R. Carlini & S. Gippoliti
Critical inventory of Loxodonta and Elephas (Mammalia, Proboscidea) cranial remains in the collections of the Museo Civico di Zoologia of Rome (Italy)
Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Botanica Zoologia 45 (2021) 17-60 Abstract/Download

M.D. Patil, V.K. Patil & N.A. Mungi
Spatiotemporal movement pattern of Asian elephants Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 in Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra, India
Journal of Threatened Taxa 13 (2021) 18099-18109 Abstract/Download

S. Paudel, E.P. Brenner, S.A. Hadi, Y. Suzuki, C. Nakajima, T. Tsubota, K.P. Gairhe, B. Maharjan & S. Sreevatsan
Genome sequences of two Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Asian elephants in Nepal
Microbiology Resource Announcement 10 (2021) e00614-21 Abstract/Download

E.N. Paul, P. Thompson, N. Miller, P. Meagher & L. Vogelnest
Dispersion of aerosolized bacteria from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52 (2021) 749-754 Abstract/Download

U. Penjor, Ż. Kaszta, D.W. Macdonald & S.A. Cushman
Prioritizing areas for conservation outside the existing protected area network in Bhutan: The use of multi-species, multi-scale habitat suitability models
Landscape Ecology 36 (2021) 1281-1309 Abstract/Download

W.P.T.A. Perera, P.H.K.L.A. Prematilaka, M.H.A. Haseena, A.H.L.C.M. Athapaththu & M.R. Wijesinghe
Changes in habitat coverage from 2005 to 2019 in the Udawalawe National Park, Sri Lanka
Ceylon Journal of Science 50 (2021) 467-474 Abstract/Download

K.L. Perrin, A.T. Kristensen, M.F. Bertelsen & D. Denk
Retrospective review of 27 European cases of fatal elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-haemorrhagic disease reveals evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation
Scientific Reports 11 (2021) e14173 Abstract/Download

K.L. Perrin, S. Saxmose Nielsen, T. Martinussen & M.F. Bertelsen
Quantification and risk factor analysis of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-haemorrhagic disease fatalities in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Europe (1985–2017)
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 9 (2021) 8-13 Abstract/Download

T. Pitakarnnop, K. Buddhachat, P. Pakdeenarong & K. Nganvongpanit
Elemental distribution in animal carpal and tarsal bones using differences in X-ray fluorescence energy
Biological Trace Element Research 199 (2021) 874-887 Abstract/Download

S.S. Pokharel, H. Yoneda, M. Yanagi, R. Sukumar & K. Kinoshita
The tail-tale of stress: An exploratory analysis of cortisol levels in the tail-hair of captive Asian elephants
PeerJ 9 (2021) e10445 Abstract/Download

N.A. Prado, J.L. Brown, J.A. Zoller, A. Haghani, M. Yao, L.R. Bagryanova, M.G. Campana, J.E. Maldonado, K. Raj, D. Schmitt, T.R. Robeck & S. Horvath
Epigenetic clock and methylation studies in elephants
Aging Cell 20 (2021) e13414 Abstract/Download

P. Prompiram, W. Wiriyarat, B. Bhusri, W. Paungpin, W. Jairak, S. Sripiboon & T. Wongtawan
The occurrence of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infection in wild and captive Asian elephants in Thailand: Investigation based on viral DNA and host antibody
Veterinary World 14 (2021) 545-550 Abstract/Download

J.-P. Puyravaud & P. Davidar
Wildlife managers ignore previous knowledge at great risk: The case of Rivaldo, the iconic wild Asian elephant Elephas maximus L. of the Sigur Region, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India
Journal of Threatened Taxa 13 (2021) 20249-52 Abstract/Download

U. Rajhans, G. Wankhede, B. Ambore, S. Chaudhari, N. Nighot, V. Dhaygude & C. Sonekar
Sero-diagnosis of tuberculosis in elephants in Maharashtra, India
Journal of Threatened Taxa 13 (2021) 18713-18718 Abstract/Download

A.K. Ram, S. Mondol, N. Subedi, B.R. Lamichhane, H.S. Baral, L. Natarajan, R. Amin & B. Pandav
Patterns and determinants of elephant attacks on humans in Nepal
Ecology and Evolution 11 (2021) 11639-50 Abstract/Download

E. Ranganathan & A. Krishnan
Elephant and human mortality in the Bannerghatta-Hosur Landscape, southern India
Gajah 54 (2021) 30-33 Abstract/Download

M. Ranjini, P.M. Deepa, K. Vijayakumar, A. Janus & K. Karthyayini
Haemato-biochemical changes in tuberculosis infected and healthy Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from South India
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 52 (2021) 345-349 Abstract/Download

Jessica Bell Rizzolo
Nonhuman animal nations: Transforming conservation into wildlife self-determination
Society & Animals 29 (2021) 393-413 Abstract/Download

L. Rutherford & L.E. Murray
Personality and behavioral changes in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) following the death of herd members
Integrative Zoology 16 (2021) 170-188 Abstract/Download

N. Sahoo, S.K. Sahu, A.K. Das, D. Mohapatra, S.K. Panda, S.K. Gupta, B.K. Behera, A. Pahari & M. Dash
Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus hemorrhagic disease outbreak in an Indian zoo
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52 (2021) 1286-1297 Abstract/Download

S.K. Sahu, K.L. Purohit, R.K. Mohapatra & S. Panda
Chemical restraint and translocation of a bull Asian elephant strayed into a zoo
Gajah 53 (2021) 47-50 Abstract/Download

N. Sathiandran, P.J. Vineesh & S.K. Thomas
Dung preference and trophic association of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in the moist forests of the South-western Ghats of the Indian subcontinent
Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 24 (2021) 739-748 Abstract/Download

Christian Schiffmann
Posture abnormalities as indicator of musculoskeletal disorders in zoo elephants – a visual guide
Gajah 53 (2021) 20-29 Abstract/Download

C. Schiffmann, B. Stefan, B. Simon, L. Hellriegel & I. Lüders
Successfully assisting a geriatric elephant in resuming lying rest – A case report
Gajah 54 (2021) 24-29 Abstract/Download

A.K. Schulz, J.N. Wu, S.Y.S. Ha, G. Kim, S. Braccini Slade, S. Rivera, J.S. Reidenberg & D.L. Hu
Suction feeding by elephants
Journal of the Royal Society Interface 18 (2021) e20210215 Abstract/Download

M. Seewald, C. Gohl, M. Egerbacher, S. Handschuh & K. Witter
Endodontic treatment of a traumatic tusk fracture with exposed pulp in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry 38 (2021) 139-151 Abstract/Download

Y. Shah & S. Paudel
Protect elephants from tuberculosis
Science 374 (2021) 832-833 Abstract/Download

T.T. Shameer, N.A. Mungi, B. Ramesh, S.V. Kumar & P.S. Easa
How can spatio-temporal overlap in mammals assist in maximizing biodiversity conservation? A case study of Periyar Tiger Reserve
Biologia 76 (2021) 1255-1265 Abstract/Download

J.L. Siegal-Willott, P. Anikis, D.L. Neiffer, T. Barthel & L.R. Goodrich
Use of intracarpal interleukin receptor antagonist protein (IRAP) and hyaluronic acid in a multimodal therapeutic regime for osteoarthritis in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52 (2021) 401-405 Abstract/Download

R.J. Snyder, L.P. Barrett, R.A. Emory & B.M. Perdue
Performance of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) on a quantity discrimination task is similar to that of African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana)
Animal Cognition 24 (2021) 1121-1131 Abstract/Download

W. Sukmantoro, A. Suyitno, Mulyadi, D. Gunaryadi, A. Seno, A.I. Kusuma & Darwis
Population, distribution, and habitat of Bornean Elephant in Tulin Onsoi, Nunukan District, Indonesia based on dung counts
Biodiversitas 22 (2021) 311-319 Abstract/Download

Y. Sun, Y. Chen, J.J. Díaz-Sacco & K. Shi
Assessing population structure and body condition to inform conservation strategies for a small isolated Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) population in southwest China
PLoS ONE 6 (2021) e0248210 Abstract/Download

N. Suwanchatree, P. Thanakiatkrai, A. Linacre & T. Kitpipit
Discrimination of highly degraded, aged Asian and African elephant ivory using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)
International Journal of Legal Medicine 135 (2021) 107-115 2966$

T.M. Taher, T. Lihan, N.A.T. Arifin, N.F. Khodri, M.A. Mustapha, P.A. Patah, S.H.A. Razali & S.M. Nor
Characteristic of habitat suitability for the Asian elephant in the fragmented Ulu Jelai Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia
Tropical Ecology 62 (2021) 347-358 Abstract/Download

W.H. Tan, A. Hii, A. Solana-Mena, E.P. Wong, V.P.W. Loke, A.S.L. Tan, A. Kromann-Clausen, N. Hii, P. bin Pura, M.T. bin Tunil, S.A.L. Din, C.F. Chin & A. Campos-Arceiz
Long-term monitoring of seed dispersal by Asian elephants in a Sundaland rainforest
Biotropica 53 (2021) 453-465 Abstract/Download

S. Terada
Building human-elephant relationships based on science and local ownership: A long-lasting issue in the era of sustainable development goals (Commentary)
Animal Conservation 24 (2021) 738-739 Abstract/Download

Z.M. Thant, R. May & E. Røskaft
Pattern and distribution of human-elephant conflicts in three conflict-prone landscapes in Myanmar
Global Ecology and Conservation 25 (2021) e01411 Abstract/Download

J. Thapa, S.K. Mikota, K.P. Gairhe, S. Paudel, D.K. Singh, I.P. Dhakal, C. Nakajima & Y. Suzuki
Tuberculosis seroprevalence and comparison of hematology and biochemistry parameters between seropositive and seronegative captive Asian elephants of Nepal
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 83 (2021) 1278-1283 Abstract/Download

L. N. Tiller & H. F. Williams
The elephant in the farm: Long-term solutions are the key to coexistence (Commentary)
Animal Conservation 24 (2021) 733-734 Abstract/Download

M. Tollis, E. Ferris, M.S. Campbell, V.K. Harris, S.M. Rupp, T.M. Harrison, W.K. Kiso, D.L. Schmitt, M.M. Garner, C.A. Aktipis, C.C. Maley, A.M. Boddy, M. Yandell, C. Gregg, J.D. Schiffman & L.M. Abegglen
Elephant genomes reveal accelerated evolution in mechanisms underlying disease defenses
Molecular Biology and Evolution 38 (2021) 3606-3620 Abstract/Download

J.A. de la Torre, E.P. Wong, A.M. Lechner, N. Zulaikha, A. Zawawi, P. Abdul-Patah, S. Saaban, B. Goossens & A. Campos-Arceiz
There will be conflict – agricultural landscapes are prime, rather than marginal, habitats for Asian elephants
Animal Conservation 24 (2021) 720-732 Abstract/Download

B.R. Tripathy, X. Liu, M. Songer, L. Kumar, S. Kaliraj, N.D. Chatterjee, W.M.S. Wickramasinghe & K.K. Mahanta
Descriptive spatial analysis of human-elephant conflict (HEC) distribution and mapping HEC hotspots in Keonjhar Forest Division, India
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9 (2021) e640624 Abstract/Download

K.G.S. Udayanga, A. Dangolla, M.R.C.K. Mallawa & I. Silva
White blood cell extraction and in-vitro assessment of phagocytosis using Escherichia coli in Asian elephants
Gajah 54 (2021) 45-48 Abstract/Download

D. Vasudev, V.R. Goswami & M.K. Oli
Detecting dispersal: A spatial dynamic occupancy model to reliably quantify connectivity across heterogeneous conservation landscapes
Biological Conservation 253 (2021) e108874 Abstract/Download

D. Vasudev, V.R. Goswami, N. Srinivas, B.L.N. Syiem & A. Sarma
Identifying important connectivity areas for the wide-ranging Asian elephant across conservation landscapes of Northeast India
Diversity and Distributions 27 (2021) 2510-2526 Abstract/Download

S.C. Vernes, B.P. Kriengwatana, V.C. Beeck, J. Fischer, P.L. Tyack, C. ten Cate & V.M. Janik
The multi-dimensional nature of vocal learning
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 376 (2021) e20200236 Abstract/Download

G. Vibha, H.G. Lingaraju & G.V. Venktaramana
Effectiveness of solar fence in reducing human-elephant conflicts in Manchahalli village, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
Current Science 120 (2021) 707-711 Abstract/Download

H. Wang, P. Wang, X. Zhao, W. Zhang, J. Li, C. Xu & P. Xie
What triggered the Asian elephant’s northward migration across southwestern Yunnan?
The Innovation 2 (2021) e100142 Abstract/Download

T.C. Weisbrod, R. Isaza, C. Cray, L. Adler & N.I. Stacy
The importance of manual white blood cell differential counts and platelet estimates in elephant hematology: Blood film review is essential
Veterinary Quarterly 41 (2021) 30-35 Abstract/Download

M.E. Weston, K.E. Mills & M.A.G. von Keyserlingk
Your happiness or mine: Influence of affective states and level of contact on public perceptions of elephant tourism
Animal Welfare 30 (2021) 279-293 Abstract/Download

T. Wijekoon, M. Aslam & A. Dangolla
Using GnRH vaccine during post musth in captive Asian elephants
Gajah 53 (2021) 43-46 Abstract/Download

G. Wilson, R.J. Gray, R. Radinal, H. Hasanuddin, W. Azmi, A. Sayuti, H. Muhammad, A. Abdullah, B.S. Nazamuddin, H. Sofyan, H.S. Riddle, C. Stremme & A.A. Desai
Between a rock and a hard place: Rugged terrain features and human disturbance affect behaviour and habitat use of Sumatran elephants in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia
Biodiversity and Conservation 30 (2021) 597-618 Abstract/Download

E.P. Wong, A. Campos-Arceiz, N. Zulaikha, P. Chackrapani, A.G. Quilter, J.A. de la Torre, A. Solana-Mena, W.H. Tan, L. Ong, M.A. Rusli, S. Sinha, V. Ponnusamy, T.W. Lim, O.C. Or, A.F. Aziz, N. Hii, A.S.L. Tan, J. Wadey, V.P.W. Loke, A. Zawawi, M. M. Idris, P.A. Patah, M.T.A. Rahman & S. Saaban
Living with elephants: Evidence-based planning to conserve wild elephants in a megadiverse south east Asian country
Frontiers in Conservation Science 2 (2021) e682590 Abstract/Download

D. Yin, Z. Yuan, J. Li & H. Zhu
Mitigate human-wildlife conflict in China
Science 373 (2021) 500-501 Abstract/Download

Y. Yun, S. Sriphiboon, K. Pringproa, P. Chuammitri, V. Punyapornwithaya, K. Boonprasert, P. Tankaew, T. Angkawanish, K. Namwongprom, O. Arjkumpa, J.L. Brown & C. Thitaram
Clinical characteristics of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) cases in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand during 2006–2019
Veterinary Quarterly 41 (2021) 268-279 Abstract/Download

N. Zainol, T.M. Taher, S.N.A. Razak, N.A.I. Noh, N.A.M. Nazir, A.M. Shukor, A. Ibrahim & S.M. Nor
Wildlife crossings at Felda Aring - Tasik Kenyir road, Malaysia
Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 44 (2021) 401-427 Abstract/Download