In much of Africa, ivory poaching is the main problem confronting
elephant conservation. However, with regards to Asian elephants,
poaching is much less of an issue.
Instead, human-elephant conflict (HEC) is the
major issue in conserving Asian elephants. Current elephant conservation
strategy in Sri Lanka as well as rest of Asian elephant range is
mainly directed towards mitigating HEC, and is based on limiting
elephants to protected areas. To this effect elephants are translocated
into protected areas and electric fences constructed on the boundaries
of such areas.
Research done by us over the past decade, has demonstrated that
this strategy is biologically unsound, that its continuation will
be detrimental to elephant conservation, and that it will not mitigate
the HEC. We have also shown that traditional landuse
practices and elephant range outside the protected areas, are critical
for elephant conservation.
Therefore, CCR has proposed a new elephant management
strategy, that will manage elephants outside protected areas. Such
managed areas together with protected areas, will form elephant
conservation landscapes, providing a holistic and multidisciplinary
elephant conservation strategy, which also involves and benefits
More about elephant conservation:
Crop raiding elephant "Sugar Ball"